Thursday, February 7, 2019

Women in the Apology of Socrates Essay -- essays research papers

Women in the Apology of SocratesThe most striking thing about(predicate) women in the Apology of Socrates is their absence from where we might expect them. single 2 specific women are mentioned 1) the Pythia, the priestess of Apollo, who answers Chaerephons question that no one is wiser than Socrates (21a) and 2) Thetis, the mother of Achilles (who himself is non mentioned by name but only referred to as the "son of Thetis"), who warns him that he will die if he kills the Trojan hero Hector (28c). Only two other times does Socrates even mention women 1) a derogative reference that those who embarrass the city by coming into court, weeping and carrying on to win the sympathy of the jury, "are in no way repair than women" (35c) and 2) a remark that Socrates would enjoy questioning people in the here aft(prenominal), " both(prenominal) men and women" (41c), although everyone he actually names is manful. Socrates does not mention questioning women in his in vestigations. Nor do women occur either as spectators to his questions or in relation to all his talk about educating the "youth." The "youth" are plainly all young men. And again, Socrates mentions his family and his sons without mentioning his wife. Plato relates some relationships Socrates had with women (especially with Diotima in the Symposium), but those may be fictional. The only episode of Socrates questioning a woman that is clearly historical is related by Xenophon in his Recollections of Socrates Socrates questions the courtesan Theodot, who is famous for her watcher and poses for artists. Socrates lives in a world where the spheres of life of men and women were radically separate. In Platos Symposium, which is a drinking party, both men and women are drinking and partying, but they do so in separate parts of the house. The musicans and dancers go back and forrader between the mens party and the womens party. Political life was regarded by the Grecian s as part of the male sphere of things, and so there were certainly no women in Socratess jury but it is hard to know whether there were both in the audience. There has been some dispute about whether women attended Greek plays, the comedies and tragedies, when they were staged -- though there are references by Plato to women in field of battle audiences. We have this difficulty in part because it was not considered proper for strange... ...ly male and all early nude art shows males, an ideal of womanly beauty rapidly gained ground in the century around Plato. In the tierce phases we can distinguish in the decoration of the Parthenon, the female figures are shown with progressively more diaphanous and revealing clothing. One of the earliest complete female nudes was a statue of Aphrodit that the great sculptor Praxiteles did for the island of Cos. He used as a model a famous courtesan named Phryn (the scene of Phryn posing at right is by the National Geographic painter H.M. He rget in cursory Life in Ancient Times National Geographic Society, 1961). This was all preferably shocking for the good people of Cos, who asked Praxiteles to do a more base statue. He did, but the original went to the island of Cnidos, where it became a major local attraction. In Vamps and Tramps, Camille Paglia mentions that male visitors were so excited by the statue that they sometimes embarrassed themselves after the fashion of Pee Wee Herman. Eventually, the goddess herself was quoted as saying, "Alas, where did Praxiteles see me naked?" By the Hellenistic Age, female nudes were as common as male nudes. give thanks to friesian.com

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