Saturday, April 20, 2019

Philosophy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 42

Philosophy - Essay ExampleRationalism believes that discernledge is innate or inborn while learning results from intuition (Lawhead 15). It carrys the Priori knowledge idea that states that knowledge comes in the beginning experience. Philosophers that support this public debate include Leibniz, Kant and Descartes. Conversely, empiricism states that knowledge comes from experience (Lawhead 56). Empiricism supports the idea of posteriori that means that knowledge is dependent whole on experience. Philosophers including Humes, Locke and Berkeley support this idea (Lawhead 59).According to rationalism, all knowledge is considered to be innate. In other words, we argon born with the knowledge to think logically and answer questions. Rationalism tends to be similar to mathematics in so many ways hence requires no knowledge or observation. One of the philosophers that strongly support rationalism is Descartes. He was quite interesting as he employed skepticism to doubt his testify kno wledge. He doubted everything until he found a single idea that he could not doubt (Lawhead 61). This was his existence. He argued that he could not depend on his senses as there was a demon controlling his thoughts. It kitty be concluded that Descartes doubted everything but his existence. Being able to think logically and knowing his existence make the argument sound and valid.Rationalism states that all knowledge comes from the mind. It is concerned with absolute truths that are universally accepted. This is know to be one of the strongest points of this argument (Lawhead 67). This approach encourages all individuals to be rational thinkers and think things through before they accept them to be the truth. On the other hand, it is difficult to apply in every situation in life owing to its abstract nature. Moreover, it sidelines intuition and instinct that are forms of knowledge.We must have experienced something to know that it exists. How can we know

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